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About Primates


Gorillas are the largest of the apes.

Gorilla Classification:

Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Hominidae
Genus: Gorilla

Conservation Status: Gorillas species are dwindling due to the loss of habitat, human encroachment, poaching and due to pervasive diseases like ebola.

Other Names: Great Ape,

Gorilla in Foreign Languages

Arabic: Ghuriila
Armenian: Gorilla
Belarusian: Haryla
Mandarin: Daxingxing
Czech: Gorila
Dutch: Gorilla
Estonian: Gorilla
Finnish: Gorilla
French: Gorille
German: Gorilla
Greek: Gorilas
Hindi: Gorilla
Hungarian: Gorilla
Italian: Gorilla
Japanese: Gorira
Korean: Gorilla
Navajo: Magitsoh
Norwegian: Gorilla
Persian: Goril
Portuguese: Gorila
Romanian: Gorila / Gorile
Russian: Gorilla
Serbo-Croatian: Gorila
Spanish: Gorila
Swahili: Ngagi
Swedish: Gorilla
Thai: Gor-rin-laa / Ling-gor-rin-laa
Turkish: Goril
Ukrainian: Horyla

Size: Male gorillas measure 5.5 feet when standing upright, and weigh 300-450 lbs. Female gorillas measure approximately 4.5 feet when upright and weigh around 200 lbs. Adult male gorillas also known as silverbacks, are almost twice the size of the adult female gorillas.

Species: There are four species of gorilla.

Species of Gorillas

Eastern Lowland / Grauer's Gorilla - Gorilla Beringei Graueri
Mountain Gorilla - Gorilla Beringei Beringei
Western Lowland Gorilla - Gorilla Gorilla Gorilla
Cross River Gorilla - Gorilla Gorilla Diehl

Habitat: Gorillas live in Africa. They are found in lowland tropical rain forests and in the higher rain forests, mountain slopes, and bamboo forests.

Gestation: Gorillas carry their young for 8.3 to 9 months.

Birth: Gorillas give birth to young that weigh 4 to 5 lbs at birth. The gorilla infants are helpless, they begin to crawl around 2 months of age, and they walk around 8 - 9 months. The young nurse for up to 3 years.

Sexual Maturity: Male gorillas are sexually mature around 13 years of age. Female gorillas are sexually mature around 10 years of age. Females give birth every 3.5 - 4.5 years

Behavior: Gorillas are most active in the morning and late afternoon. Gorillas over the age of 3 make nests, for resting and night nests for sleeping.

Diet: Gorillas are herbivores. Gorillas eat leaves, shoots, roots, vines and fruits.

Description: Gorillas have dark skin and black to brown-grey hair. Males become silverish gray on their backs and thighs when they reach sexual maturity earning them the name "silverback".

Communication: A gorillas communication is very overt it can involve beating their chests, cupped hands to make a loud noise, scream, baring their teeth, and charging.

Did You Know?

Gorillas are very hairy, except for their faces, palms, and soles of their feet.

Social Structure: Gorillas are social, they live in groups called troops. Troops consist of one adult male and multiple adult females and with their offspring. Gorillas will groom each other as part of their social habits.

Life Span: The life span of a gorilla in the wild is 30 to 40 years. A gorilla's life span in captivity is approximately 50 years.

Unusual: Gorillas are very intelligent and can learn extremely complex tasks, for example some gorillas have learned some sign-language to communicate with humans.


Conservation Status: Endangered / Critically Endangered

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